Abraham, Karl

   Freudian theorist; established the first in-stitute for training psychoanalysts. Born to a prosperous and cultured Jewish home in Bremen, he earned a medical degree at Freiburg and then took a post in a hospital near Burgholzli, Switzerland, to study with Carl Jung. The latter introduced him to Sigmund Freud in 1907. Abraham soon moved to Berlin* and secured a position at the city's mental hospital. After several years he began a private psychiatric practice.
   Abraham was among Freud's closest collaborators. In 1910 he formed the Berlin Psychoanalytical Society, but he is best remembered for founding, with Max Eitingon, the clinic that in 1920 became the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. With Abraham as principal theoretician, it was the first center devoted to training analysts. Although plans were made to make him ausserordentlicher Professor at Berlin, hostility toward psychoanalysis precluded the appointment. Abraham worked on war neuroses, drug addiction, and anal eroticism; he also contributed the idea that biology dictates a sequence in developing the aims of the libido. Although he was praised for his insight into "object relations," he was better known for clinical work than for theory. Chronic bronchitis, contracted during World War I, caused his early death.
   REFERENCES:Karl Abraham, Selected Papers; Peter Gay, Weimar Culture; IEPPPN; Ernest Jones, Life and Work of Sigmund Freud; Oxford Companion to the Mind.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • ABRAHAM, KARL — (1877–1925), German psychoanalyst. Born in Bremen to religious parents, Abraham was Germany s first psychoanalyst and a major figure in both the organizational and scientific development of psychoanalysis. Abraham received his early clinical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham, Karl — born May 3, 1877, Bremen, Ger. died Dec. 25, 1925, Berlin German psychoanalyst. He helped establish the first branch of the International Psychoanalytic Institute in 1910 and pioneered the psychoanalytic treatment of manic depressive psychosis… …   Universalium

  • Abraham, Karl — (1877 1925)    German psychoan alyst. Born in Germany, he completed his medical studies in 1901. In 1905 he began to work as a psychiatrist at the Burgholzi clinic in Zurich where he came into contact with C.G. Jung and Eugen Bleuler. In 1907 he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abraham, Karl — ► (1877 1925) Psicólogo y psicoanalista alemán. Se hizo famoso por sus estudios sobre la formación del carácter. Partiendo del concepto de regresión, ha elaborado una teoría de los estadios regresivos, según la cual atribuye a cada uno de estos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl Abraham — (Brême 1877 Berlin 1925) est un médecin et psychanalyste allemand. C est l un des pionniers de la psychanalyse. Plaque commémorative à la maison de Abraham, à Grunewald, Berlin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karl Abraham — (3 de mayo de 1877 en Bremen 25 de diciembre de 1925 en Berlín) fue un psicoanalista alemán, uno de los primeros discípulos de Sigmund Freud, con quien mantuvo correspondencia. En una ocasión Freud se refirió a él como «mi mejor alumno».[1]… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ABRAHAM (K.) — ABRAHAM KARL (1877 1925) Psychanalyste allemand, un des plus fidèles et des plus orthodoxes disciples de Freud. Né à Brême dans une famille juive hanséatique, Karl Abraham reçoit d’abord une formation médicale classique. C’est à Zurich, dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abraham (Vorname) — Abraham ist ein männlicher Vorname, kommt aber auch als Familienname vor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham — V. «seno de Abraham». * * * Abraham. □ V. seno de Abraham. * * * Abraham (en hebreo, אַבְרָהָם, en árabe, ابراهيم, Ibrāhīm), es uno de los patriarcas del pueblo de Israel; según la Biblia, debió de nacer en Ur de los caldeos, en la desembocadura… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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